Wednesday, 5 August 2015

Potential of overcoming resistance to HER2-targeted therapies through the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression occurs in up to 30% of breast cancers and is a marker of aggressive disease. While HER2-targeted therapies have improved outcomes in these tumors, resistance to these agents develops in a large proportion of patients. Determining molecular mechanisms underlying resistance might help improve outcomes for patients with HER2-positive disease by allowing development of strategies to overcome resistance. Activation of signaling pathways involving the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) pathway might contribute to the development of resistance to HER2-targeted therapies.